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Excess energy intake contributes to metabolic disorders. However, the relationship between excess sugar and fat in their contributions to metabolic abnormalities remains to be further elucidated.
Here we conducted a prospective feeding experiment to evaluate effects of dietary fat-to-sugar ratio on diet-induced metabolic abnormalities in adult cynomolgus monkeys. Plasma levels of total cholesterol TC , low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C , high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C , triglyceride TG and blood glucose were measured for all the four groups of animals during the experiment.
In addition, HF exhibited stronger effects on lipid abnormalities than HS. In the current study, our prospective feeding experiment in adult cynomolgus monkeys revealed effects of different fat-to-sugar ratios on diet-induced metabolic abnormalities.
Furthermore, our findings suggest that not only excess dietary energy but also the balance of dietary fat-to-sugar ratio matters in diet-induced lipid abnormalities. Metabolic abnormalities are associated with various clinical conditions and diseases. Metabolic syndrome MS is generally considered as a prerequisite for cardiovascular diseases CVD , with a direct relationship with increased risk of CVD [ 1 ]. Excess energy intake from dietary consumption can have a strong potential impact on metabolic disorders and related diseases.
However, the relationship between excess dietary sugar and fat in their contributions to metabolic abnormalities and related diseases remains controversial. A cohort study suggested that low carbohydrate diets had beneficial effects on metabolic risk factors, and these effects were comparable to those observed in low-fat LF diet [ 5 ]. In contrast, some studies have suggested that decreased fat intake and increase in carbohydrate might contribute to lower cardiometabolic risk profiles [ 6 ].